Electrolytes are single chemical substances that can have a positive or negative charge.Electrolytes dissolved in water conduct electricity.
The main electrolytes are Sodium (Na + ), Potassium (K + ), Chloride (Cl - ), Calcium (Ca 2+ ), Magnesium (Mg 2+ ), Bicarbonate (HCO 3 - ) and Phosphorus (PO 4 3- ).
An example of a common mixture of electrolytes is salt – Sodium Chloride (chemical formula = NaCl). Salt is an equal mixture of two different electrolytes - Sodium and Chloride.
Sodium has a positive charge and chloride has a negative charge and that “sticks” them together. We could write Na + Cl . . .